Biodiversity and Conservation MCQ Questions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 with Answers

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NCERT MCQ Chapters for Class 12 Biology


Q1. The historic convention on Biological Diversity held in Rio Janeiro in 1992 is known as:

(A) CITES Convention
(B) The Earth Summit
(C) G-16 Summit
(D) AAAB Programme


(B) The Earth Summit


Q2. Where among the following will you find pitcher plant?

(A) Rain forest of North-East India
(B) Sunderbans
(C) Thar Desert
(D) Western Ghats.


(A) Rain forest of North-East India


Q3. Project elephant started in the year:

(A) 1990
(B) 1993
(C) 1992
(D) 1982


(C) 1992


Q4. American water plant that has become a troublesome water weed in India is

(A) Cyperus rotundus
(B) Eichhornia crassipes
(C) Trapa latifolia
(D) Trapa bispinosa


(B) Eichhornia crassipes


Q5. Alpha diversity is biodiversity present

(A) within community
(B) between communities
(C) ranges of communities
(D) none of these.


(A) within community


Q6. One of the ex situ conservation methods for endangered species is

(A) wildlife sanctuaries
(B) biosphere reserves
(C) cryopreservation
(D) national parks.


(C) cryopreservation


Q7. The active chemical drug reserpine is obtained from:

(A) Datura
(B) Rauwolfia
(C) Atropa
(D) Papaver


(B) Rauwolfia


Q8. Reserve biosphere of Sundarban is situated in which of the following states :

(A) Bihar
(B) Uttar Pradesh
(C) Assam
(D) West Bengal


(D) West Bengal


Q9. The species becomes extinct most easily by:

(A) Deforestation
(B) Heavy rains
(C) Urbanization
(D) Sliding of hills


(A) Deforestation


Q10. The species of animals protected in Kaziranga sanctuary is

(A) Panthera tigris
(B) Macaca mullata
(C) Panthera leo
(D) Rhinocersos unicornis


(D) Rhinocersos unicornis


Q11. Identify the correct matched pair:

(A) Montreal Protocol-Global Warming
(B) Kyoto Protocol-Climate change
(C) Project Hungul-Dear
(D) Project Tiger-Lion


(B) Kyoto Protocol-Climate change


Q12. Which of the following is not an invasive alien species in the Indian context?

(A) Lantana
(B) Cynodon
(C) Parthenium
(D) Eichhornia.


(B) Cynodon


Q13. Western ghats have a greater number of amphibian species than the Eastern ghats. What kind of diversity does it represent ?

(A) Species diversity
(B) Genetic diversity
(C) Ecological diversity
(D) None of these


(A) Species diversity


Q14. Which of the following is not an example of in situ conservation ?

(A) Biosphere reserves
(B) National parks
(C) Wildilife sanctuaries
(D) Zoological parks


(D) Zoological parks


Q15. Among the ecosystem mentioned below, where can one find maximum biodiversity?

(A) Mangroves
(B) Desert
(C) Coral reefs
(D) Alpine meadows


(C) Coral reefs


Q16. Which type of living organisms given below are listed in Red Data Book”?

(A) Rare species
(B) Rare and endangered species
(C) Endangered species
(D) None of these


(B) Rare and endangered species


Q17. Bulk fixation of carbon through photosynthesis takes place in

(A) Tropical rain forests
(B) Tropical rain forest and crop plants
(C) Crop plants
(D) Oceans


(D) Oceans


Q18. Alpha diversity will describe:

(A) diversity within biomes
(B) intra community diversity
(C) inter community diversity
(D) diversity within a species population


(B) intra community diversity


Q19. Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on the river:

(A) Jhelum
(B) Narmada
(C) Tapti
(D) Vyas


(B) Narmada


Q20. Which of the following countries has the highest biodiversity?

(A) Brazil
(B) South Africa
(C) Russia
(D) India.


(A) Brazil


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